Edit: MOBILE 5G rewards Genesis period is live as of August 12, 2022! See this Helium Discord announcement for more information!
What is MOBILE Genesis?
For an informative breakdown of HIP-51 and an intro to how MOBILE and IoT work, check out our Bobber Academy - Episode 2: HIP-51 Breakdown!
With the passing of HIP-51, Helium has started down the road of becoming a network of networks. HIP-52 introduces the LoRaWAN subDAO and a new form of token to reward LoRaWAN miners, the IOT token. HIP-53 introduces the 5G subDAO and a new form of token to reward new Helium 5G miners, MOBILE token! Both of these subDAO tokens will be backed by and redeemable for HNT (after the end of the Genesis period for MOBILE) to give you the most amount of options. In the near future, the subDAO tokens will most likely be tradeable on exchanges and other crypto services like DeFi platforms.
Because the 5G network is brand new and this will be the start of issuing MOBILE rewards, there will be an initial "Genesis" period in which 5G miners will earn MOBILE simply for having compatible equipment online and connected as a way to reward those who have invested early in the new 5G network and incentivize building out more coverage. For detailed information on how rewards will be distributed for Genesis, refer to this 5G Mining and MOBILE Rewards article by Nova Labs.
What do I need to mine MOBILE?
In order to mine MOBILE during the Genesis period, you must have a Helium 5G gateway such as the Bobber 500 or FreedomFi Gateway onboarded to the blockchain and attached to your wallet, as well as a compatible CBRS Small Cell Radio (indoor or outdoor) attached to the gateway and online and registered with the SAS.
The Spectrum Access System (SAS) is what oversees the CBRS spectrum and manages devices transmitting on CBRS bands to avoid interference.
- For indoor radios to register with the SAS the radio needs to be connected to an online and functional gateway and have a GPS signal lock, then the SAS registration will happen automatically, typically within 48 hours depending on network congestion.
- For outdoor radios to register with the SAS, the radio needs to be connected to an online and functional gateway and have a GPS signal lock as well as special requirements must be fulfilled and proof must be uploaded manually via the "Register Radio" button on the local radio dashboard to be reviewed and processed. For details, see our article on the CPI approval process for outdoor radios.
While you will still receive your MOBILE tokens while using the old Helium Hotspot App wallet, you won't be able to send MOBILE unless you import your wallet to the new Helium Wallet App version 1.2.2 or above. Look for the app with the black Helium logo!
Helium Hotspot App
(Unable to send MOBILE/IoT tokens)
Helium Wallet App
(Can send MOBILE/IoT tokens)
What are the requirements to qualify for Genesis rewards?
The requirements for MOBILE rewards are always evolving throughout the Genesis period as new steps are taken to get the MOBILE network closer to it's fully developed state. Currently in order to qualify for MOBILE rewards during the Genesis period, your gateway and radio need to be online and the radio must be SAS registered, however you do not need to transfer any data for phones in order to receive Genesis rewards, nor do you need to have a phone with a FreedomFi, GigSky, or other compatible SIM.
There will also be randomized backhaul challenges issued to your gateway to test the quality of the internet connection which is serving the gateway. In order to pass the challenge, you must have a minimum of 100Mbps download and 10Mbps upload throughput, a latency below 50ms, and your connection must be stable (not going offline frequently). For more information, see our article on the MOBILE speed test requirements.
Aside from passing speed tests, gateways must check in with the Magma server (perform a "heartbeat") during at least 12 of the last 24 hours. For detailed information on how heartbeats work, refer to the following Helium 5G PoC documentation. In general, this requirement is to ensure your miner's connection to the internet is stable and does not experience frequent disconnections.
Miners which fulfill these requirements will receive MOBILE tokens during the Genesis period proportional to the amount of coverage their type of radio(s) provide. For detailed information on how rewards will be distributed for Genesis, refer to this 5G Mining and MOBILE Rewards article by Nova Labs. A simple breakdown is as follows:
Soon, radio rewards distribution will be changed from using a static weighting at current to a new system which utilizes obstruction and GPS data to predict real-world coverage afforded by specific radios. This is currently pending the passing of the HIP-74 vote.
How do I make sure I'm online and eligible for rewards?
The best way to verify your gateway and radio are online and registered is to access the local dashboard and check the status. For details on checking the local dashboard, refer to our article on accessing and utilizing the local miner and radio dashboards. Here's a quick summary:
The dashboard must be accessed from a device on the same network as the gateway. For Bobber 500 owners, go to bobber-gateway.local to access your dashboard - for FreedomFi Gateway users, go to freedomfi-gateway.local to access your dashboard.
On the Miner Dashboard you can see the status of the gateway. Make sure everything reads OK/green.
On the Radio Dashboard you can see the status of your radio. Make sure everything reads OK/green.
If there are any issues with your indoor radio, refer to our support article on Troubleshooting Indoor CBRS Small Cell Radios. For outdoor radios, many of the steps in the article will still apply, however there are additional troubleshooting steps you may need to take depending on your experience of registering the radio.
Check the Helium Explorer page for your 5G miner to see it's status. On the Statistics page, you can see the current status of the LoRaWAN miner/gateway. On the 5G Statistics page, you can see the current status of your connected radios.
The Helium Explorer is not real-time and can lag behind true status! API issues and longer refresh times can cause Explorer to show there is a problem when the problem no longer exists. In these cases, it is always best to check status using the local dashboard as that will give real-time information on status.
Issues with the Helium network and services used by the 5G gateway and radio can sometimes cause disruptions. Refer to our support article on How to Keep Up with Helium Network Issues and Changes to be sure you're aware of any current events that might impact your rewards earning.
What will MOBILE rewards look like post-Genesis period?
The initial Genesis rewards period is slated to end with the release of Mappers (exact date TBD). Mappers will begin the next phase of Helium 5G network growth and will allow for a 5G network specific form of Proof of Coverage work. This PoC work will ensure actual radio coverage is spaced in a way beneficial to the growth of the network and verify radios are deployed to the locations where they were asserted. More details on how Mappers and 5G Proof of Coverage will work will be released by Nova Labs as they work out the details.
The release of Mappers will not result in an immediate cessation of Genesis rewards - the transition from Genesis rewards for being online and functional to Mapper rewards for Proof of Coverage will be gradual and there will be a period of overlap where rewards may come from both sources.
The end-goal for Helium 5G is to onboard as many partner carriers as possible and have them agree to offload their customer's data through Helium 5G radios/gateways in places where their own network coverage is lacking. This data transfer flowing through your gateway - much like IoT device packets flowing through your LoRaWAN hotspots - will earn you MOBILE rewards proportional to the data transfer amount.
As with LoRaWAN/IoT data transfers, the parties using the network for data transfer will pay using Data Credits which are pegged to a stable USD value. 1 DC always equals $.00001 USD. The amount of DC earned depends on how much data you are transferring.
Due to the large amount of data mobile devices typically consume, data transfer rewards will likely be a major source of earnings for Helium 5G miners after the network is established and begins to see partner carrier offloading.